The Yorkshire Terrier breed has fur that is so long it reaches down to the floor, always straight and never curled or wavy, with an almost glossy and smooth texture to it. Shedding is minimal as you can read more about in Yorkshire Terrier care page. Its coat color is steel blue and tan brown. It has a small, flat cranium. Its ears are V-shaped and stand erected. The muzzle is medium-sized, with teeth meeting in a scissors bite, and a black nose. The hair on the top of their head is very prominent, and needs to be shaved or kept tied up so that it doesn’t limit visibility and get in their food or drink bowl. It is a smaller type of dog, stumpy in build.
Read Yorkshire Terrier breeders for adoption information.
Origins of the Yorkshire Terrier Breed
The Yorkshire Terrier breed originated in Yorkshire, a region in the northernmost part of England. It was bred in its development for the purpose of catching mice in mills and mine shafts. The ancestors of the Yorkshire Terrier dog were quite a bit larger than the ones we are used to. That Yorkie certainly wasn’t as glamorous. It was more rugged and built as a hunter that take chase into animal burrows.
Somewhere along the timeline of their evolution, people chose to selectively breed the smallest Yorkies, which has made them how they are today. First recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885, they became a dog representing fashion, often toted in a woman’s handbag.
Yorkshire Terrier Breed Temperament
The natural personality for a Yorkshire Terrier dog is one of being energetic, more brave than they should be, very loyal to their owner, and more resourceful than people expect. Yorkies always like playing and exploring, and will often get into trouble if left unsupervised for extended periods. They may develop a prissy, feisty demeanor around people and other dogs not familiar. When they have been sheltered, they can get snappy and aggressive around others. They should be taught not to yap (see Yorkshire Terrier training).
Yorkshire Terrier Breed Characteristics
Male height reaches 8 inches (20 cm) or under, and female height is 7 inches (18 cm) or under. Male and female weight are about 7 lbs (3.1 kg) average. Litter is five pups, and for puppy information read more at Yorkshire Terrier puppies. Life expectancy is 12 to 15 years for a healthy adult.